A collection of articles is presented here.  It is a combination of articles which were published on various websites and articles which were published only on this site:

  • Carbon Pricing: Carbon pricing is the method of charging an amount that must be paid for the right to emit one tonne of carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere. This amount can either be paid as a carbon tax which is a tax levied on the carbon content of fuels or a requirement to purchase permits (Allowances) to emit which is known as cap-and-trade. Cap-and-Trade is a system which helps set an upper limit on the amount for a business or other organization may produce but which allows further capacity to be bought from other organizations that have not used their full allowance or permit.
  • Climate Investment: In 2009, developed countries agreed to mobilize jointly USD 100 billion a year by 2020 from various sources. According to a report issued in October 2015 by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) estimated that developed countries mobilized USD 62 billion in 2014 which represents an increase of USD 10 billion from 2013.
  • Climate Change – Gender Action Plan (GAP): A huge majority of scientists around the globe are unconditionally convinced that the Earth’s climate is changing undeniably and failure to limit warming to below 2°C could make the changes in the climate system irreversible and characterized by disastrous consequences.
  • President Trump slammed Canada recently over a trade dispute under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) which affects dairy farmers.  He called it a “disgrace” and added that he thinks NAFTA has been “A disaster for our country”.  Trump didn’t support his concerns with any details. 
  • Mitigation of Climate Change:  Here is a fact: Global sea levels are currently rising at approximately 1.25 inches per decade, and the rate of increase appears to be accelerating.  The last decade was the warmest on record both in the United States as well as globally.  The average temperature in the United States during the past decade was 0.80 Celsius (1.50 Fahrenheit) warmer than the 1901-1960. 
  • Global Climate Action:  The global framework articulated in the Paris Agreement and announced in December 2015 (the Agreement) by the United Nations was adopted by 195 countries around the world.  The Agreement is the first-ever universal and legally binding global climate deal which is due to enter into force in 2020.
  • Nuclear Terrorism: Nuclear terrorism is defined as the use of a nuclear stratagem to cause enormous desolation or the use or threat to deploying fissionable radioactive materials against civilians in order to attain goals that are either political, ideological or religious.
  • Three Amigos Summit: A landmark agreement was concluded at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Paris on December 12, 2015.  This agreement was signed by 196 nations, the Paris Agreement is the first comprehensive global treaty to combat climate change, and will follow on from the Kyoto Protocol when it ends in 2020.
  • Emergent of Global Renewable Energy:  Renewable energy is defined as energy that is not emanated from fossil or nuclear fuel but derived from natural resources that are predictably replenished at a faster rate than they are consumed such as hydro, solar, wind, geothermal, and biomass.  
  • Sways of Power Plant Emissions on Human Health:  Power plants use fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, and natural gas, which are finite in supply. These fuels cause a variety of health and environmental problems and are not a long-term solution to energy needs. As these fuels become harder to find, prices will rise and political problems associated with market manipulation from domestic and overseas sources will only increase.
  • US Regulations to Curb Methane Emissions: Methane (CH4) is the second most abundant greenhouse gas (GHG) after carbon dioxide (CO2), accounting for 14 percent of global emissions. Though CH4 is emitted into the atmosphere in smaller quantities than CO2, its global warming potential (i.e., the ability of the gas to trap heat in the atmosphere) is 25 times greater. As a result, methane emissions currently contribute more than one-third of today’s anthropogenic warming.
  • Effects of Aviation Emissions:  Over 3 billion people, nearly half the global population, use the world’s airlines.  The air transport industry provides 56 million direct, indirect, and induced jobs worldwide, which is double the number of jobs only eight years ago. While aircraft carry only 0.5 percent of world trade shipments, that represents about 35 percent of the value of all world trade.  This productivity is achieved consuming just 2.2 percent of world energy.
  • The Paris Climate Summit 2015:  Scientists think climate change is likely to have catastrophic and irreversible effects, including rising sea levels, polar melting, droughts, floods and increasingly extreme weather, if temperatures rise more than 2 Celsius or 3.6 Fahrenheit. They have calculated that this threshold is likely to be breached if global emissions top 1,200 billion tonnes, giving a “Carbon Budget” to stick to in order to avoid dangerous warming.
  • Global Action to Mitigate Greenhouse Gas Emissions:     Many governments from developed countries have made explicit commitments to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the near-term, but the declared targets are not ambitious enough. The combined effect of the developed country targets to reduce emissions would lead to only about 8-14 percent reduction in their emissions by 2020 compared with 1990
  • Asteroids could Crash with the Earth, Affecting Climate: In 1801, while making a star map, Italian priest and astronomer Giuseppe Piazzi accidentally discovered the first and largest asteroid, Ceres, orbiting between Mars and Jupiter. Although Ceres is classified today as a dwarf planet, it accounts for a quarter of all the mass of all the thousands of known asteroids in or near the main asteroid belt.
  • A Sanctified Perspective on Climate Change:  Pope Francis Wrote that climate change was mostly down to human activity and policies were urgently needed to cut carbon emissions, such as by reducing fossil fuels and developing renewables.
  • The Sustainable Groundwater Management: Surface water has been developed in many parts of the world for thousands of years whereas groundwater has remained until less than a century ago a rather sparingly developed resource.
  • Vow to Climate Change at the G7 Summit: Following Russia’s violation of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine, the G7 heads of state and government decided on 24 March 2014 in The Hague Declaration not to attend the planned G8 summit in Sochi in June 2014 under the Russian Presidency, and to suspend the G8 as a format until further notice.
  • Unsustainable Use of Groundwater is a Threat to the Future Generations: The human body, in average, is made of 50-65 percent of water. Babies have the highest percentage of water; newborns are 78 percent water.  Every day, every person needs access to water for drinking, cooking and personal hygiene. Water is essential for sanitation facilities that do not compromise health or dignity. The World Health Organization recommends 7.5 liters per capita per day will meet the requirements of most people under most conditions. A higher quantity of about 20 liters per capita per day will take care of basic hygiene needs and basic food hygiene.
  • The Clean Water Rule Intended to Curb Pollution: Here is a fact about water pollution – water covers over 70 percent of the Earth’s surface and is a very important resource for people and the environment. Water pollution affects drinking water, rivers, lakes and oceans all over the world. This consequently harms human health and the natural environment.
  • Nuclear Deal: Scope and Expectations – Part 1: The White House was desperately trying to contain a congressional revolt against its tentative nuclear deal with Iran, amid concern that hardliners in Washington could sink the agreement before it has even been finalized. Republicans and some Democrats are demanding a say over the framework agreement, which would drastically cut Tehran’s nuclear program in return for relief of sanctions that have crippled the Iranian economy. Barack Obama, who has called several key legislators over the last 24 hours to convince them of the merits of the deal outlined in Switzerland, insists it will cut off every pathway that Iran could take to a nuclear weapon, and avoids a military conflict.
  • Nuclear Deal: Convictions and Commitments – Part 2: As a quick background, negotiations began in 2003 with European states in which Iran offered to limit its capacity to 3,000 centrifuges if its right to enrichment was recognized. The deal collapsed by 2005 and there was no sign of compromise for the next eight years, as the international community ratcheted up sanctions and Iran responded defiantly by expanding its nuclear programme, moving from production of low-enriched uranium to 20 percent-enriched uranium, a major step towards the capacity to make weapons-grade fissile material.
  • Nuclear Deal: Enrichment and  Sanctions – Part 3: Iran always claimed that it has the right to nuclear energy like any other country in the world and maintained that its nuclear program is purely and exclusively for peaceful purposes. However, the world powers always suspected that Iran has not been honest about its nuclear program, believing that Iran was acquiring the ability to build a nuclear bomb.
  • Nuclear Deal: Hypocrisy and Obsession – Part 4: While every country participated in the negotiation with Iran deserve to be venerated for the breakthrough, negotiators from the US and Iran are faced with implausible political realities in their countries to sell the deal. It appears as the US Congress is desperately seeking ways in the name of control to sabotage the deal. Even though millions around the world were pleasantly astonished with the conditions that were accepted by Iran, some Republicans have argued Iran has received too many concessions and accuse the White House of not consulting with Congress, especially if sanctions are involved.
  • Nuclear Deal:  GCC Summit at Camp David – Part 5:In addition to dealing with ruthless US Legislators who are totally determined to sabotage the nuclear deal with Iran and putting up with an obsessive Israeli Prime Minster (PM) who is absolutely dedicated to destroying the immense efforts invested in the deal by the world powers, President Obama has to find ways to address the resentment and antagonism of Arab leaders who were very quick to express deep concern over the nuclear deal.
  • TransCanada Keystone XL Pipeline – Part 1: Due to the tremendous attention in the media, the controversy associated over the United States approval of the Keystone XL Pipeline project has been the table talk for a long while not only for the people only for the people who live in small towns but also for the highest diplomatic circles in the US and Canada.  The pending decision is portrayed as a political litmus test for the Obama administration, pitting environment and climate change against energy security, jobs, and the economy.
  • TransCanada Keystone XL Pipeline: Potential Impacts – Part 2:  The total direct and indirect emissions associated with the proposed Project would contribute to cumulative global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.  However, emissions associated with the proposed Project are only one source of relevant GHG emissions.  In that way, GHG emissions differ from other impact categories that all GHG emissions of the same magnitude contribute to global climate change equally, regardless of the source or geographic location where they are emitted.
  • TransCanada Keystone XL Pipeline: Pipeline Safety – Part 3.  A recent report, Oil & Gas Pipelines Market Report 2014-2024, clearly stated that pipelines are the most efficient and economic means of transporting oil and gas from where it is extracted to where it will be processed and consumed.  Pipelines are increasingly being used to transport oil and gas as it combines efficiency and safety.  Increasing demand for energy in regions where production is limited necessitates the need for safe and economic transportation from producers to consumers through pipelines. This supports the growth of the pipelines market, particularly in the Asia Pacific and Africa regions.
  • TransCanada Keystone XL Pipeline: Environmental Protection – Part 4.Cynthia Giles, Assistant Administrator for Enforcement and Compliance Assurance, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), in her letter on the subject addressed to the US Department of State (The Department), on April 22, 2013, stated that we commend the Department of State’s efforts to estimate the lifecycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions associated with oil sands development and the Proposed Project, to analyze the effect of the Project on Canadian oil sands production and to consider measures to reduce GHG emissions.
  • TransCanada XL Pipeline: Alternatives – Part 5. The US Department of State (the Department) prepared the Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (FSEIS) to assess the potential impacts associated with the proposed Project and its alternatives.  The FSEIS takes into consideration over 400,000 comments received during the scoping period and 1.5 million comments received on the Draft Supplemental EIS issued in March 2013.
  • Nevada Solar One Project: The Biggest Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Plant in the World:  Nevada Solar One Project (NSOP) is indeed the biggest CSP plant installed in the world in the last 19 years and the third biggest in absolute terms behind the two 80 MW facilities constructed in the Mojave desert in the early 1990s.  CSP technology uses thousands of mirrors to reflect and concentrate sunlight onto a central point to generate heat, which in turn is used to generate electricity.
  • The Shake Gas Boom: A Fracking Primer:  The shale gas boom has totally transformed the US energy landscape.  Shale gas refers to natural gas that is trapped within shale formations.  Shales are fine-grained sedimentary rocks that can be rich sources of petroleum and natural gas.  Sedimentary rocks are rocks formed by the accumulation of sediments at the Earth’s surface and within bodies of water. Common sedimentary rocks include sandstone, limestone, and shale.
  • Nuclear Energy: Critical to Building a Low-Carbon Economy in the UK:  In spite of abundant UK renewable resource, as regards wind; marine; and solar, the current share of renewables in the UK energy mix represents only 3 percent whereas the share of nuclear energy for decarbonizing electricity generation in the UK jumped to almost 18 percent in 2009 from 13 percent in 2008.
  • The following articles were published in Globe-Net – The Business of the Environment Online, Canada:
    1. Rating Carbon IDEACarbon, an independent provider of ratings, analysis, and advice in the Carbon Ratings Agency (CRA) – The World’s Fist Independent Carbon Credit Service;
    2. Canada’s Offset System for Greenhouse Gas Emissions – A Notice of Intent with respect to Canada’s offset system for Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions (Draft Guide for Protocol Developers) was published in the Canada Gazette on August 9, 2008;
    3. Integrated Approaches for Economic Stimulus Strategies – Canadians are acutely aware of the fact that the US led global recession is having a profound impact on Canadian economy and consequently they are suffering immensely from the current financial crises; and
    4. Reigning in the World’s Two Top GHG Emiters – A recent report issued by the Brookings Institution provided a primer on two topics: Climate Change and US-China Relations.
  •  The following articles were published in a Canadian magazine, Building – Real Estate Development Construction Architecture:
    1. LEED for Core and Shell – A Smart and Fast Approach to Certification –  David Gattfried, founder of the World Green Building Council and creator of the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Rating System, made a powerful statement recently in Dubai when he was interviewed by the news paper Gulf News.  He noted that buildings which do not apply themselves to the LEED Rating System will be devalued in the future;
    2. Getting A Lease on Green – Green leases could be instrumental in measuring and improving the overall performance of sustainable commercial buildings;
    3. A Transit Oriented Development Primer Why and how Transit Oriented Development (TOD) can improve the evolution of mixed-use and Compact Community Development; and
    4. Get Used to It – Commercial real estate executives better understand that although there is a cost associated with building green, the benefits are far greater.
  • The following articles were published in a Canadian magazine, Green Business:
    1. The Phenomenon of Carbon Taxes – The majority of people have accepted that rising concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases (GHG) are altering the Earth’s climate; and
    2. Adaptation to Climate Change: A Powerful Tool to Reducing the Overall Cost of Mitigation – All research conducted with respect to climate change acknowledges the fact that adaptation will be a key response to reducing vulnerability to its effects.
  • The following articles were published in the Hill Times – Canada’s Politics and Government Newsweekly:
    1. The Lowdown on Cap-and-Trade Systems in Canada, Europe, and North America – London carbon market worth about $30-billion with the potential to grow to $1-trillion within a decade;
    2. PM Harper Needs to Make Environment a Priority – If the environment is not going to be one of the top priorities of Prime Minister Stephen Harper’s government, he should be prepared to lose the next election; and
    3. Harper’s Stumbling Attitude Towards Climate Change – To avoid the most catastrophic effects of climate change, world carbon emissions will have to drop to near zero by 2050 and “Go Negative” after that the Worldwatch Institute reported.
  •   The following articles were published on INTUITECH website:
    1. New Trends-Smaller, Affordable and Energy-Efficient Houses The global economic downturn is a mixed blessing for home buyers — if you’re lucky enough to hang on to your job, you should be in a much better position to buy a house, according to a report released by RBC Economics. The question is: What kind of house?
    2. Carbon Credit vs Carbon Tax – It is no secret that the world opinion about global warming is divided into two categories – those who genuinely believe in global warming and those who think it as a big joke. At the same time, the world is becoming aware of the huge controversy among those who believe in global warming and the centre of this boiling debate is on the applicability and effectiveness of the carbon credits vs. Carbon tax for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions;
    3.  Resolution to Banning Bottled Water in the Municipalities – Early bottled mineral water was so expensive that only the rich and upper classes could afford it. The situation began changing in the mid-1800s with the advent of the industrial revolution and shipping by railway. As early as the mid-20th century, worldwide production had already climbed to several hundred million bottles per year;
    4. Sustainable Transportation is Critical to Reducing GHG Emissions – Canadian transportation industries account for approximately 4% of Canada’s gross domestic product, and employ more than 800,000 people. Canada is a huge country with a massive transportation infrastructure which includes: 48,000 kilometres of track which makes Canada one of the largest rail networks in the world; Canada’s national highway system is made up of over 38,000 kilometres of national and regional highways; and 900,000 kilometres of roads which are being used by cars, vans, buses or trucks and this is enough to circle the globe 22 times;
    5. American Clean Energy and Security Act –The approach to limit or reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions which was adopted by both the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and by the Kyoto Protocol (KP) is known as an absolute target approach. This approach requires that GHG emissions be reduced by a specific amount by a specific time;
    6. A Glance at the HST in British Columbia – Premier Gordon Campbell and Finance Minister Colin Hansen announced on Thursday, July 23, 2009 that British Columbia will be implementing a harmonized sales tax (HST) subject to the condition that the Parliaments of Canada and British Columbia pass the Act;
    7. Carbon Neutrality – An incredible number of businesses, universities, and governments around the world are totally committed to the principles of sustainability and they are going through the process of taking inventories of their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions with the objective to set reduction targets for their respective organizations and jurisdictions;
    8. Greenwashing is Nothing but Hypocrisy – The Climate Greenwash Awards are organized by Corporate Europe Observatory, Attac Denmark, The Climate Movement, ClimaX and Friends of the Earth Denmark to challenge the corporate capture of the UN climate talks and to highlight the way in which big businesses are increasingly turning to green spin to hide their polluting agenda;
    9. Municipalities Must be Vigilant in Setting GHG Reduction Targets – It seems to be a popularity context in the midst of some municipalities to set higher targets for reducing GHG emissions with the ambition to be recognized as a national or global leaders depending upon the size of their ego;
    10. The Cost of Building Green – Commercial real estate executives are increasingly seeking greener office space — and are less inclined to pay premiums for it, according to a recent survey by CoreNet Global and Jones Lang LaSalle. “They are less willing to pay a premium for sustainable space because they understand that it doesn’t cost the owner more to make that space efficient,” said JLL Senior Vice President Michael Jordan;
    11. Potential Impacts of HST on the Construction Industry – Unfortunately, at this stage, very little information on the proposed Harmonized Sales Tax (HST) has been provided by the BC provincial government. Transitional rules and other specific details may be released as late as March 2010, leaving almost eight months from the sudden and unexpected announcement of the HST in July until March 2010 for the speculation and only little over three months for the clarification and implementation of the HST;
    12. British Columbia’s Approach to Climate Change – Like other Canadian provinces and territories across the country, British Columbia got sick and tired of waiting for the federal leadership for climate change and decided to adopt the attitude, reflecting the popular phrase – Lead, follow or get out of the way;
    13. UN Summit on Climate Change in New York – If any Canadian ever had any doubt about Harper’s apathy about the environment, the Prime Minister’s recent decision for not showing up at the UN Summit on Climate Change, should help them to make up their minds. It was reported that Canada was hardly a factor in the climate summit, which came a day ahead of the annual UN General Assembly that traditionally turns midtown Manhattan black and blue with armoured limousines and police escorts;
    14. Clean Energy Technology – Carbon Capture and Storage – Prime Minister Stephen Harper recently announced funding for the carbon capture project west of Edmonton. The federal and Alberta governments pledged $769 million on October 14, 2009 to retrofit a coalfired electricity generation plant to capture and store some of the carbon dioxide generated from the project;
    15. The Concept of Ecolabelling – The purpose of ecolabelling is to communicate with the potential consumers, stating that the product or service they are considering is less harmful to the environment than other similar products or services available in the same category in the market;
    16. Way to Copenhagen – The December 2009 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen, Denmark, from December 7 to 18, will involve 192 countries, and more than 150,000 heads of state and government officials, advisers, diplomats, campaigners and journalists. The list of global dignitaries includes the American President Barak Obama and the Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper;
    17. Nuclear Energy-Safe, Clean and Affordable – In these days of climate change and energy crisis, it’s too bad that the word “Nuclear” has a connotation that brings back memories about the nuclear disaster of Chernobyl and the near miss of Three Mile Island.  People are rightfully scared of potential accidents and the proliferation of nuclear weapons even though it has been proven that those accidents were the result of mismanagement; and
    18. Fiber Optics Networks-Connect Communities – Fiber optic technology advanced at an astonishing rate in the second half of the twentieth century. The discovery of fiber optics in 1966 was indeed a major landmark for which Charles Kao won a share of the Nobel Prize in physics in 2009. Working at the Old Standard Telecommunications Laboratories in the United Kingdome, Kao coauthored a paper with G. A.
    19. Resolution to Banning Bottle Water in the Municipalities – Early bottled mineral water was so expensive that only the rich and upper classes could afford, the situation began changing in the mid-1800s with the advent of the industrial revolution and shipping by railway.  As early as the mid-20th century, worldwide production had already climbed to several hundred million bottles per year.

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