Overuse of Groundwater is a Potential Threat

The 15 nations with the largest estimated annual groundwater extractions (2010)5 are:

1: Irrigation %, 2: Domestic %, and 3: Industry %

Country Population2010

(in Thousand)

Estimated Groundwater Extraction 2010 (KM3/YR) Groundwater Extraction
Breakdown by Sector
1 2 3
India 1,224,614 251.00 89 9 2
China 1,346,335 111.95 54 20 26
United States 310,384 111.70 71 23 6
Pakistan 173,593 64,82 94 6 0
Iran 73,974 63.40 87 11 2
Bangladesh 148,692 30.21 86 13 1
Mexico 113,423 29.45 72 22 6
Saudi Arabia 27,448 24.24 92 5 3
Indonesia 239,871 14.93 2 93 5
Turkey 72,752 13.22 60 32 8
Russia 142,985 11.62 3 79 18
Syria 20,411 11.29 90 5 5
Japan 126,536 10.94 23 29 48
Thailand 69,122 10.74 14 60 26
Italy 60,551 10.40 67 23 10
National Groundwater Association
       Use of Groundwater in America
                 Million Gallons Per Day (mgd)
No Description Quantity %
1 Irrigation    53,500 67.2
2 Public Supply    14,600 18.3
3 Individual Household      3,740 4.7
4 Livestock/Aquaculture      3,200 4.0
5 Industrial, Self-Supplied      3,070 3.9
6 Mining (Fresh)      1,020 1.3
7 Thermoelectric (Fresh)          540 0.7
TOTAL    79,670 100.0

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.