White Papers

Here are some white papers on various subjects:

  1. A Canadian Perspective for Bioenergy and Solar Energy:  Bioenergy is
    renewable energy made from any organic material from plants or animals. Sources
    of bioenergy are called “biomass,” and include agricultural and
    forestry residues, municipal solid wastes, industrial wastes, and terrestrial
    and aquatic crops grown solely for energy purposes.  There are many ways
    to transform sunlight into energy, but the main types are solar panels that
    convert sunlight directly to electricity (also called photovoltaic or PV
    panels), and panels that absorb heat from the sun and transfer it as space
    heating or water heating.
  2. Transformation of Bus Rapid Transit into Guided Buses – An Interesting Transit Perspective:  Transportation is responsible for 25 percent of global carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. This share is increasing annually in almost every country
    and transportation emissions are becoming a serious concern for urban centres
    around the world.
  3. Energy Efficiency Standard and Building Rating Systems:   Recognizing the fact
    that municipalities have direct control over GHG emissions through their own
    buildings and vehicle fleets and can influence up to half of Canada‘s GHG
    emissions, the provincial governments across Canada are putting enormous
    pressure on the municipalities by requiring municipalities to include GHG
    emission targets, policies and actions in their Official Community Plans and
    Regional Growth Strategies.
  4. Best Green Practices – An Ideal Green Office Model:  The main objective of a green office is to minimize chemical contamination or pollution of the environment. Many of the products we use in our daily work contain ingredients that are harmful to the environment. The goal of an environmentally responsible office should be to keep these substances out of the air, water and solid waste stream.