1. The G7 Summit 2022 and the Belt and Road Initiative: The seventh Summit to be hosted by Germany was held at Schloss Emmau in the Bavarian Alps, Germany, from June 26 to 28. This summit was the 48th G7 Summit and it was also the first summit for German Chancellor Olaf Scholz and Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida.
  2. Three Amigos Summit: A landmark agreement was concluded at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Paris on December 12, 2015.  This agreement was signed by 196 nations, the Paris Agreement is the first comprehensive global treaty to combat climate change, and will follow on from the Kyoto Protocol when it ends in 2020;
  3. The Paris Climate Summit 2015:  Scientists think climate change is likely to have catastrophic and irreversible effects, including rising sea levels, polar melting, droughts, floods and increasingly extreme weather, if temperatures rise more than 2 Celsius or 3.6 Fahrenheit. They have calculated that this threshold is likely to be breached if global emissions top 1,200 billion tonnes, giving a “Carbon Budget” to stick to in order to avoid dangerous warming;
  4. Vow to Climate Change at the G7 Summit: Following Russia’s violation of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine, the G7 heads of state and government decided on 24 March 2014 in The Hague Declaration not to attend the planned G8 summit in Sochi in June 2014 under the Russian Presidency, and to suspend the G8 as a format until further notice;
  5. UN Summit on Climate Change in New York – If any Canadian ever had any doubt about Harper’s apathy about the environment, the Prime Minister’s recent decision for not showing up at the UN Summit on Climate Change, should help them to make up their minds. It was reported that Canada was hardly a factor in the climate summit, which came a day ahead of the annual UN General Assembly that traditionally turns midtown Manhattan black and blue with armored limousines and police escorts; and
  6. Way to Copenhagen – The December 2009 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen, Denmark, from December 7 to 18, will involve 192 countries, and more than 150,000 heads of state and government officials, advisers, diplomats, campaigners and journalists. The list of global dignitaries includes the American President Barak Obama and the Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper.