CLIMATE CHANGE

The Green New Deal: On Jan. 20, 2021, President Joe Biden signed an executive order announcing that the United States (US) would rejoin the Paris Agreement. Under the terms of the agreement, it took 30 days for the US to officially rejoin the Paris Agreement;

Car Pollution: Export of Used Dirty Vehicles: The effects of car pollution are widespread, affecting air, soil and water quality. Nitrous oxide contributes to the depletion of the ozone layer, which shields the Earth from harmful ultraviolet radiation from the sun. Sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide mix with rainwater to create acid rain, which damages crops, forests and other vegetation and buildings. Oil and fuel spills from cars and trucks seep into the soil near highways, and discarded fuel and particulates from vehicle emissions contaminate lakes, rivers and wetlands;

Climate Change – Extinction of Species: The majority of ecologists around the world believe that we are in the midst of the sixth mass extinction. Humanity’s impact on nature, they say, is now comparable to the five previous catastrophic events over the past 600 million years, during which up to 95 percent of the planet’s species disappeared;

Climate Change – Gender Action Plan (GAP): A huge majority of scientists around the globe are unconditionally convinced that the Earth’s climate is changing undeniably and failure to limit warming to below 2°C could make the changes in the climate system irreversible and characterized by disastrous consequences;

Mitigation of Climate Change:  Here is a fact: Global sea levels are currently rising at approximately 1.25 inches per decade, and the rate of increase appears to be accelerating.  The last decade was the warmest on record both in the United States as well as globally.  The average temperature in the United States during the past decade was 0.80 Celsius (1.50 Fahrenheit) warmer than the 1901-1960;

Global Action to Mitigate Greenhouse Gas Emissions:     Many governments from developed countries have made explicit commitments to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the near-term, but the declared targets are not ambitious enough. The combined effect of the developed country targets to reduce emissions would lead to only about 8-14 percent reduction in their emissions by 2020 compared with 1990;

A Sanctified Perspective on Climate Change:  Pope Francis Wrote that climate change was mostly down to human activity and policies were urgently needed to cut carbon emissions, such as by reducing fossil fuels and developing renewables;

Global Warming – Canada is warming up alarmingly: Canada is warming up twice as fast as the rest of the world. The average temperature in Canada is 1.7 C higher today than it was 70 years ago, while the average global temperature is up 0.8 C. The irony is that the damage done to the environment by the higher temperatures is irreversible; and

Climate Investment: In 2009, developed countries agreed to mobilize jointly USD 100 billion a year by 2020 from various sources. According to a report issued in October 2015 by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) estimated that developed countries mobilized USD 62 billion in 2014 which represents an increase of USD 10 billion from 2013.

Reigning in the World’s Two Top GHG Emitters – A recent report issued by the Brookings Institution provided a primer on two topics: Climate Change and US-China Relations;

Asteroids could Crash with the Earth, Affecting Climate: In 1801, while making a star map, Italian priest and astronomer Giuseppe Piazzi accidentally discovered the first and largest asteroid, Ceres, orbiting between Mars and Jupiter. Although Ceres is classified today as a dwarf planet, it accounts for a quarter of all the mass of all the thousands of known asteroids in or near the main asteroid belt;

Adaptation to Climate Change: A Powerful Tool to Reducing the Overall Cost of Mitigation – All research conducted with respect to climate change acknowledges the fact that adaptation will be a key response to reducing vulnerability to its effects;

British Columbia’s Approach to Climate Change – Like other Canadian provinces and territories across the country, British Columbia got sick and tired of waiting for the federal leadership for climate change and decided to adopt the attitude, reflecting the popular phrase – Lead, follow or get out of the way;

PM Harper Needs to Make Environment a Priority – If the environment is not going to be one of the top priorities of Prime Minister Stephen Harper’s government, he should be prepared to lose the next election; and

Harper’s Stumbling Attitude Towards Climate Change – To avoid the most catastrophic effects of climate change, world carbon emissions will have to drop to near zero by 2050 and “Go Negative” after that the Worldwatch Institute reported;

Greenwashing is Nothing but Hypocrisy – The Climate Greenwash Awards are organized by Corporate Europe Observatory, Attac Denmark, The Climate Movement, ClimaX and Friends of the Earth Denmark to challenge the corporate capture of the UN climate talks and to highlight the way in which big businesses are increasingly turning to green spin to hide their polluting agenda;

Municipalities must be Vigilant in Setting GHG Reduction Targets – It seems to be a popularity contest in the midst of some municipalities to set higher targets for reducing GHG emissions with the ambition to be recognized as a national or global leaders depending upon the size of their ego;

Climate Change: Adaptation to Climate Change: Every single research conducted in the name of climate change acknowledges the fact that adaptation will be a key response to reducing vulnerability to climate change.  The reality is that the Earth has already warmed by 0.7°C since around 1900.  Even if all emissions stopped tomorrow, the Earth will warm by a further 0.5 – 1°C over coming decades due to the considerable inertia in the climate system.  On current trends, global temperatures could rise by 2 – 3°C within the next fifty years or so, with several degrees more warming by the end of the century if emissions continue to grow;

Carbon Dioxide and Climate Change Deniers: There are so called experts who made a living out of denying the science of climate change and confusing the public on the climate change issues.  Many of them are well-paid operatives of organizations like The Heartland Institute, CFACT, and Americans for Prosperity, which take contributions from fossil fuel corporations – including Exxon Mobil, the Koch Brothers and their Koch Industries – who seek to delay or block any substantial government policy initiatives meant to curb fossil fuel emissions or hasten the rapid growth of cheaper, cleaner sources of energy like wind and solar power;

Climate Change: Effects of Aviation Emissions: Over 3 billion people, nearly half the global population, use the world’s airlines.  The air transport industry provides 56 million direct, indirect, and induced jobs worldwide, which is double the number of jobs only eight years ago. While aircraft carry only 0.5 percent of world trade shipments, that represents about 35 percent of the value of all world trade.  This productivity is achieved consuming just 2.2 percent of world energy;

Climate Change: Deforestation: When forests are destroyed, they release large quantities of carbon dioxide (CO2)  into the atmosphere, which contributes to climate change. At present, however, about 12 per cent of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are estimated to derive from deforestation, a process which is it made more acute by the impacts of climate change. Forests can also help communities adapt to the impacts of climate change, stabilizing and cooling local climates, including water flow and rainfall;

Climate Change: Cryosphere and Oceans: Oceans are world’s largest store of carbon as 83 percent of the global carbon cycle is circulated through marine waters.  Oceans have a history of observing more than 90 percent of the heat from human-caused global warming and about one-third of carbon emissions.  Consequently, oceans are being excessively impacted by increasing carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from human activities; and

Climate Change: Siberia’s Melting Permafrost: The news comes as scientists reported that the long-frozen region is already shifting to an entirely new climate regime, marked by escalating trends in ice melt, temperature rise and rainfall days. The new research was published Monday in the journal Nature Climate Change on September 14, 2020 which hypothesizes: